Outline of Ghana Education Service’s (GES) new organizational setup

A thorough overview of the goals and organizational setup of the Ghana Education Service (GES), including the organisations collaborating closely with the Ministry of Education to take the best possible action, has been published.

Creation of Ministry of Education (MoE)

In order to develop and coordinate educational policies, define benchmarks, and oversee and assess implementation, the Ministry of Education (MoE) was founded in 1957. In Ghana, the Ministry of Education (MoE) is in charge of all educational policies, including those pertaining to apprenticeships and broader skill development.

Twenty-three (23) organisations within the Ministry of Education are in charge of enforcing the laws and carrying out the approved plans.

Agencies of the Ministries of Education

The Ministry of Education (MoE) collaborates with the following organisations to improve education and its policies:

  1. Ghana Education Service (GES)
  2. Ghana Tertiary Education Commission (GTEC)
  3. CTVET stands for the Commission for Technical Vocational Education and Training.
  4. National Council for Curriculum and Assessment, or NaCCA
  5. National Teaching Council (NTC)
  6. National Schools Inspectorates Authority (NaSIA)
  7. Ghana Library Authority (GhLA)
  8. Ghana Education Trust Fund (GETFUND)
  9. Alternative Education Agency (CEA)

Description of the Ghana Education Service (GES)

Incorporated in 1974, the Ghana Education Service (GES). The GES Council is the body that oversees it.

Under Ghana’s Fourth Republican Constitution, GES was founded. Acts of Parliament, particularly Act 506 (1994) and Act 778, have modified the preceding GES laws (2008). Act 1049 (2020), the new law governing GES, established the Ghana TVET Service in part 2.

Composition of Ghana Education Service (GES)

Ghana Education Service has: based on information received by EMIS in 2020–2021.

  • Employed: 376,059 (Teaching and Non-Teaching)
  • sixteen regional education offices
  • Over 260 District Offices
  • 15,226 kindergartens (KGs)
  • 15.622 Elementary Schools
  • Eleven,696 junior high schools
  • A total of 679 senior high/senior high technical schools


History of Learners

According to EMIS data for 2020–2021, GES is generally in charge of 7,140,632 students.

These are the breakdowns:

  1. There are 1,192,828 students in kindergarten (KG).
  2. 3,269,223 students attend primary school.
  3. 1,417,086 students attend junior high school.
  4. There are 1,261,495 senior high school students.

Responsibilities of Ghana Education Service

Ghana Education Service’s (GES) responsibilities include:

  1. Implement all government-approved pre-tertiary education policies.
  2. Offer oversight authority over all pre-tertiary educational levels in the nation.
  3. Monitor everyday actions in accordance with enhancing management systems and expanding access and quality.
  4. Participate a range of stakeholders to enhance educational outcomes.

Summary of significant structural design changes from the “as is” to the “to be” state

In the old structure:

  • At the national level, special education concentrated solely on obstacles to learning.
  • Technology only used for administrative tasks.
  • A centralised performance management role did not exist.

There are the following in the new structural shift:

  • Greater responsibility and sound governance are made possible by the separation of the functions of school management, leadership, and accountability.
  • Reorganizing functions to deliver pre-tertiary education policies that enable all children to receive a high-quality education is one way to enable learning outcomes.
  • Greater emphasis on leadership in instruction: Including support functions to free up executive time to concentrate on leadership in education.
  • Extension of inclusive education beyond special education to encompass culture, girl-child, and safe schools as well as to address learning difficulties.
  • For the purpose of ensuring community involvement and engagement at the school level, a community liaison was established.
  • ICT and Edtech Division: To oversee technology for planning, management, and increasing teaching and learning, a separate ICT and edtech function was established.
  • Legal function: The national structure should include a legal function.

Transition: As-Is to Future State – Responsibility Matrix

Headquarters – (Regulate, Benchmark, and Drive)

  1. Lays out the guidance for the creation, interpretation, and execution of agreed national policies and programmes pertaining to the provision of GDS education.
  2. Tracking of all the money used to provide quality, cost-effective basic education.
  3. In secondary schools and regional directorates of education, manage human resource management issues.
  4. In order to supply efficient education support systems, coordinate and collaborate with other MoE autonomous entities, such as NACCA, NIB, and NTC.
  5. To encourage high-quality instructional leadership, pedagogy, subject-matter expertise, and necessary resources, GES provides excellent, inclusive, and equitable support to all tiers.

Regional – (Oversight & Collaboration)

  • Ensure that national education policies, strategies, and frameworks are implemented in all regions in a way that is inclusive and equitable.
  • On behalf of the Ministry of Education, exercise supervisory authority over secondary school administration.
  • Give secondary schools leadership in education and subject-matter knowledge.
  • Enable accountability for the provision of high-quality education for all by using a performance management system.

District – (Coordinate & Facilitate)

  • Provides instructional leadership, management, and oversight to deliver high-quality education in elementary schools within the district.
  • Monitors and oversees the execution of educational policy and directives decided upon by the GES in an inclusive and equitable manner.
  • Effective fiscal management, administration, and control as decided by the District Assembly

School – (Implement)

  • Students are given a basic education by putting national policies, programmes, and educational practises into practise.
  • To help teachers, students, and other teaching staff, provide instructional leadership, pedagogy, subject matter expertise, and resource support.
  • To achieve inclusivity, community upliftment, and cooperation, work with the school communities (NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, and parents).

Co-designed National organisational structural

Four (4) levels, including each level’s subordinates, make up the organisational structure.

The Regional Director, District Director, and Headteacher levels are placed beneath the GES Director-General at the top of the organisational hierarchy.

In the complete system, all four (4) levels have a part to perform.

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Teacher, Blogger, Comic writer, riveting stories concerning the Ghanaian citizenry and the world at large.

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