The Buzz Surrounding the Current Teacher Negotiations: A Closer Look

In a landmark development for the educational sector in Ghana, a significant agreement has been reached between the government and pre-tertiary teacher unions. This “Negotiation Agreement Between the Employer and Pre-Tertiary Teacher Unions” promises to address key issues concerning the conditions of service for pre-tertiary teachers in the Ghana Education Service (GES). The agreement, signed on May 31, 2024, has garnered widespread attention and discussion among educators, policymakers, and the public.

Key Stakeholders and Background

The negotiations involved a coalition of government representatives, including the Fair Wages and Salaries Commission (FWSC), Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Employment and Labour Relations, and Ghana Education Service. On the other side of the table were the major teacher unions: the Ghana National Association of Teachers (GNAT), National Association of Graduate Teachers (NAGRAT), and the Coalition of Concerned Teachers, Ghana (CCT-GH).

These negotiations, carried out in a spirit of good faith, were aimed at resolving longstanding grievances and improving the working conditions for teachers, thereby enhancing the overall quality of education in Ghana.

Terms of Agreement

The agreement covers a wide range of allowances and benefits categorized under three main sections: Category 2, 3, and 4 Allowances, Institution-Specific Allowances, and other pertinent issues. 

Category 2, 3, and 4 Allowances:

1. Permanent Posting Allowance: Teachers moved to a new geographical area at the instance of management will receive three months’ basic salary.

2. Additional Duty Allowance: Teachers asked to take on additional responsibilities will get 10% of their monthly basic salary.

3. Medical Care, Travel, and Other Allowances: Various rates apply for allowances such as medical care, travel, vehicle maintenance, and protective clothing.

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Institution-Specific Allowances:

1. Retention Premium: All teachers will receive a 15% premium on their monthly basic salary.

2. Continuous Professional Development Allowance (CPDA): Professional teachers will receive GHS2400 annually, while non-professional teachers will get GHS1800.

3. Deprived/Difficult Area Incentive: The Ministry of Education and GES will review deprived area reports for implementation, with subsequent negotiation of figures.

Impact and Reactions

The agreement, effective from July 1, 2024, through June 30, 2026, is seen as a significant step forward in addressing the disparities and challenges faced by teachers in Ghana. The provisions for allowances and development incentives are expected to improve teacher morale, retention, and overall job satisfaction.

Teacher unions have expressed cautious optimism, recognizing the agreement as a positive move while remaining vigilant about its implementation. The government’s commitment to correcting salary placement disparities and resolving promotion issues for Deputy Directors to Director I by September 2024 has also been well-received.


This comprehensive agreement marks a pivotal moment in the educational landscape of Ghana. It underscores the importance of collaborative negotiations in addressing the needs of educators and sets a precedent for future discussions. As the implementation date approaches, all eyes will be on how these terms translate into tangible benefits for teachers and the broader educational community.

The successful negotiation and agreement have the potential to not only uplift the teaching profession but also to enhance the quality of education provided to students across Ghana, ensuring a brighter future for the next generation.

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